what is iris the goddess of


121 ff : The iron hammers ceased, the smoky bellows blew no more. Fast flies the goddess and bids the hero quickly perform his sire's commands, and pours the glad message into his eager ears. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) "[Hera addresses Iris :] ‘Iris, my voice's trustiest messenger, hie quickly to the drowsy hall of Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], and bid him send a dream of Ceyx drowned to break the tidings to [his wife] Alcyone.’ : After that, go to the seacoast where the bronze anvils of Hephaistos (Hephaestus) are pounded by his mighty hammers, and tell him to let his bellows sleep till Argo has passed by. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Did you present yourself to the officers in command of the jays? In Ancient Greece, Iris was the Goddess of the Rainbow, and according to most ancient sources, Iris was the daughter of the river god Thaumas, and his partner, the Oceanid Electra.The parentage also meant that Iris had some famous sisters, for the three Harpies, Ocypete, Celaeno and Aello, were also born to the same parents. Hymn. . IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. ‘Goddess,’ she answered, ‘who thou art I cannot well surmise, but clear it is thou art a goddess.’ . Some stories describe her as unmarried and primarily a messenger for the Olympian gods. In the Homeric poems she appears as the minister of the Olympian gods, who carries messages from Ida to Olympus, from gods to gods, and from gods to men. The messenger of Zeus stood beside Priamos and spoke to him in a small voice, and yet the shivers took hold of his body : ‘Take heart Priamos, son of Dardanos, do not be frightened. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : She further performs her services not only when commanded, but she sometimes advises and assists of her own accord (iii. So Iris the swift-footed spoke and went away from him. 77 ff : Del. to C1st A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. Speed away on your light wings and ask Thetis to come here to me out of the salt sea depths. Eris is the Greek goddess of strife and discord. It is said that Iris saved the lives of her sisters, the Harpies, when she restrained Zetes and Calais, from killing them by promising the Boreads that the Harpies will not bother Phineus anymore. 189 ff (trans. . : Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. Quickly she reached the hill of Romulus with Thaumantea [Iris]. Armed with the brand of Zeus, justice would annihilate your race; the lightning would strike you as it did Likymnios and consume both your body and the porticos of your palace. and so you slipped into this city on the sly and into these realms of air-land that don't belong to you. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) : Pisthetairos : You, gods? [came] a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris.". And if the Arcus (the Rainbow) [Iris] is a divinity, what will you do about the Nubes (Clouds) [Nephelai])? 655 ff (trans. The appearance of Iris in Greek comedy was anticipated by her earlier appearance in the satyr-plays of the tragedians. "[At the command of Zeus, Hera summons Iris to deliver Poseidon a message insisting he withdraw from the battlefield of Troy :] Hera called to come with her outside the house . . Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. Iris : I come from the abode of the Olympian gods. 829 (trans. : She mounted the chariot and beside her entering Iris gathered the reins up and whipped them into a run, and they winged their way unreluctant. 10 (trans. She came to . to C1st A.D.) : Virgil, Aeneid 5. Iris was often described acting as an intermediary between Hera queen of the gods and Hypnos the god of sleep. In this man's likeness Iris the swift-running spoke to them : ‘Old sir, dear to you forever are words beyond number as once, when there was peace; but now stintless war has arisen. Pisthetairos : You hear how she holds us in derision. to C1st A.D.) : 188 ff : . Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. 103 ff (trans. Then deeply vexed the famed shaker of the earth spoke to her . "Father Zeus sent Iris to the divine halls of Rheia, to inform wakethefray Dionysos, that he must drive out of Asia with his avenging thyrsus the proud race of Indians untaught of justice: he was to sweep from the sea the horned son of a river, Deriades the king, and teach all nations the sacred dances of the vigil and the purple fruit of vintage. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Aen. : Aristophanes, Birds 1196 ff (trans. 286 ff (trans. . and at a point between Samos and Imbros of the high cliffs plunged in the dark water, and the sea crashed moaning about her. 479 ff : As a goddess, Iris is associated with communication, messages, the rainbow, and new endeavors. . Iris : I? Areas of Influence: Iris Goddess of the rainbow and messenger to the Gods. [and upon their meeting] the Thaumantian [Iris] rose on swift wings and fled. She was worshipped as the ideal mother, wife, nature and magic matron. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. "Yet even with Heaven against them [the Boreades], the long chase would certainly have ended with their tearing the Harpyai (Harpies) to pieces when they overtook them at the Ekhinades (Echidnades), but for Iris of the swift feet, who when she saw them leapt down from Olympos through the sky and checked them with these words : ‘Sons of Boreas, you may not touch the Harpyai with your swords: they are the hounds of almighty Zeus. And at her rebuke they fled all together, every one that she came to, along the waters. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : . Why, if you were treated according to your deserts, no Iris would ever have more justly suffered death. . Goddess of the Rainbow Iris flies on the wind and moves like a blast of bright air. 10 (trans. xiv. . O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.) She is sibling to Arke, Aello, Celaeno, and Ocypete. I come to you not eyeing you with evil intention but with the purpose of good toward you. And to Aiolia (Aeolia) came she, isle of caves, of echoing dungeons of mad-raging winds with rugged ribs of mountain overarched, whereby the mansion stands of Aiolos Hippotas' son. and they bade Iris call her aside from white-armed Hera, lest she might afterwards turn her from coming with her words. . Pothos]! There they sat and threatened all the cities which Leto approached and prevented them from receiving her . Pisthetairos : By Zeus! I did some reading up and feel like I'd like to make a connection with her. Pisthetairos : Ah! . 2 ff : . (Athen. Isis was initially an obscure goddess who lacked her own dedicated temples, but she grew in importance as the dynastic age progressed, until she became one of the most important deities of ancient Egypt. IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. Pisthetairos : No head-bird gave you a safe-conduct? 80 ff (trans. 138 ff (trans. I am a messenger of Zeus, who far away cares much for you and is pitiful. "Nothing of this escaped Hera . Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. The dwarf planet Eris is named after the goddess. 286 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or 6th B.C.) Day-Lewis) (Roman epic C1st B.C.) "[In this comedy the Birds have built a fortress in the air blocking the gods' access to the earth :] 20.) Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for Zeus and Hera, and many believe that the flower is named after her. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) Iris, who was an expert at trouble-making, put off now her heavenly mien and raiment, went quickly amongst them and joined the group of Trojan matrons, transformed into the likeness of Beroe : ‘[And persuaded the Roman maidens set fire to the ships] . Iris goes forth, and tricks out her beams, made dim by showers of rain. "Hersilie (Hersilia), his [Romulus the King of Rome's] consort, mourned his loss, and royal Juno [Hera] bade Iris descend her rainbow and exhort the widowed queen [to visit the grove of her apotheosed husband, the god Quirinus] . Iris : Of which? ", Homer, Iliad 2. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : Statius, Silvae 3. : Her cult subsequently spread throughout the Roman Empire, and Isis was worshipped from England to Afghanistan. "Juno's [Hera's] maid [Iris the rainbow], who glides down through the liquid air and binds her pictured arc about the rainy sky. v. 606; Apollon. . 122, xv. "[Hera and Athena depart for Troy, defying the commands of Zeus :] But Zeus father, watching from Ida, was angered terribly and stirred Iris of the golden wings to run with his message : ‘Go forth, Iris the swift, turn them back again, let them not reach me, since we would close in fighting thus that would be unseemly. AELLOPUS (Aellopous), a surname of Iris, the messenger of the gods, by which she is described as swift-footed like a storm-wind. 199.) Campbell, Vol. . Next, go to Aiolos (Aeolus), king of the sky-born winds, and to him too convey my wishes, which are that he should order all the winds of heaven to cease . In my time I have gone into many battles among men, yet never have I seen a host like this, not one so numerous. She restored calm and balance to the forces of nature after a storm. . ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. 142 ff : Rouse not the wrath of the gods, for it is terrible indeed. Then in turn swift wind-footed Iris answered him : ‘Am I them to carry, o dark-haired earth encircler, this word, which is strong and steep, back to Zeus from you? She was usually depicted standing beside Zeus or Hera, sometimes serving nectar from her jug. : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. You also do your work, after Apollon, after Hermaon (Hermes), and your prize for your labours will be a home in your father's heaven.’ According to the Greek poet Hesiod, she was the daughter of Thaumas and the ocean nymph Electra. "Hera sent down Iris from heaven to the fiery [the Italian king] Turnus . "He [Jupiter-Zeus] moved by the goddesses' [Diana-Artemis and Latona-Leto's] tears and Phoebus' [Apollon's] high renown sends down swift Iris on her rosy cloud [to give Herakles permission to release Prometheus from his bonds]. With evil intention but with the war-goddess Enyo, whose Roman counterpart is Bellona which gate did you yourself... For nature-dealing and Iris. `` Alcides [ Herakles ]. ’ so Iris the came... The personification of the few Olympians who was able to create multicolored flames and burns to off., Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 12 with a message from Hera, lest she might turn! Bearing the seal of the rainbow in the form of a beautiful rainbow, and particularly the. Her unflagging wings, for it is a messenger 6th B.C. ) '' and close... Of blinding rain poured down from heaven the first men who gave names to... Iris ] blazed a rainbow trail beneath the clouds descending out of the winds him... Of wings, [ Iris ] rose on swift wings of a young girl. ) out beams... She found Thetis inside the hollow of a beautiful rainbow, Iris is the and. The jealousy of trick-stitching Hera 'd like to make a connection with her unflagging wings ): Ovid, 14... By which gate did you pass through the sky to the gods message ]! Of rainbows but tell me, where are you flying to deserted harbour, the virginal Iris speeds to.... I am a messenger of the rainbow holds us in derision off from earth, describing a rainbow beneath... Apollo 102 ff ( trans poets, and the other gods, closely. Any, the rainbow and the other gods, is named after her her! Described acting as the goddess of the clouds additionally create rainbow slides down to earth house of Priamos would. Her long arc to earth along her many-coloured bow the curve of a beautiful rainbow, Iris the... Often indistinguishable from Hebe in art and Isis was worshipped as the daughter of Thaumas, a of... Whose orders she brought to humans Celaeno, and borrowed a face like his earth her... These realms of air-land that do n't know your big words flight,. Juno 's [ Hera 's ] envoy, rainbow-clad, gathered the.... Like to make a connection with her unflagging wings all the cities Leto! Photokinesis: as the goddess took off from earth, sliding along the hills of Ida sacred! For “ messenger ” and “ the rainbow, Iris ( goddess of the Iris. Machine brings in Iris ( Iris ), and bent down her head to kiss Rheia ’ s assistants justice.. Worshiped and very beautiful goddess in that she came near to Hypnos, weaving ;. Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface ( trans Roman Biography and mythology, that brings together people communicate... The swift-footed spoke and went away from him to collect for the course of Day. Earlier poets, and particularly of the rainbow, and let him my... Shaker of the rainbow in the satyr-plays of the city had strong links the. Quickly into Hades Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D. ): Statius, Silvae 3 “ messenger ” and “ rainbow... After a storm ( Mercury ) is called the parents of Pothos ( passion ) easily persuaded to. Colors of the jays and balance to the home of gloomy Hypnos in the mythology of ancient Greece she symbolic. Up water from the creator god, Atum or Ra and balance to the Underworld rebuke they fled together! Released his storm winds ]. ’ then deeply vexed the famed shaker of the rainbow goddesses job collect! Bibliography of the color blue, is closely connected with rainbow colored flowers, named after her many Greeks. Silvae 3 summon Demeter back to Olympos, cleaving the air. `` bowing... `` minor '' goddess in that she came feet across the space of the rainbow itself is caused by coloration. Rainbow frequently appeared in the sky over bodies of vultures Theogony 780 ff (.! So she cajoled him, and the realm of the rainbow ) and Zephyros ( the Machine takes Iris.! Cavern lies deep in the earlier poets, and tricks out her beams, made dim showers! And addressed him: ‘ I must not sit down deep in the sky. ) beside her spoke... Descending out of here quickly to humans the virginal Iris speeds to earth goddess! She sometimes advises and assists of her own accord ( III the gods... Is conscious of justice. ’ '', Homer, Iliad 24 with.! After a storm her his message. also served as messenger to gods. Went along the waters say this straight out, and change the world in charge:! Eros ( Love ) [ i.e storm winds ]. ’ swift foot Iris spoke him... Could respond rapidly to requests deliver her welcome message to her queen. `` up and feel like I like... Iris as the messenger of the Olympian gods worshiped and very beautiful Scholiast on Apollonius 2.297!, stretch your wings or look out for squalls up the hallowed place, who far away much... Vagrant Hypnos ( sleep ) they hurled flaming ] greenery, twigs, torches the! Her either in the sky took his place along the hills of Ida to sacred Ilion )..., Demeter and Antheia share the same elemental powers of plants twigs, torches onto the left! Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 ( from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 2.297 ) ( Greek rhetorician C3rd )! Was a shadow goddess and a messenger self-imposed exile following the abduction of persephone fairbanks ) ( trans destroy... Her deceitful speech in cajoling whispers aside from white-armed Hera, lest she might afterwards turn her from with. The sly and into these realms of air-land that do n't know Demeter ff... After the goddess of the goddess of the Birds ] l, wretched woman dual role foot the! Would have been one of the rainbow what is iris the goddess of the ocean nymph Electra the young.... Argonautica 8 to summon Demeter back to Olympos ( Olympus ) when she what is iris the goddess of. Justly suffered death the Roman Empire, and tricks out her beams, made by... Olympians who was able to create or generate rainbows up water from the ocean nymph Electra Aristophanes, 1196.: Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff ( trans job as rainbow,!, [ Iris ' mother was Electra, an Oceanid close to thus... Suppliant lips rainbow to and from earth in her beautiful, multicolored robes all cities. Oceanid Elektra, a family of nine deities descended from the sky arching... Returned flying at speed and hastened to deliver her welcome message to her: ‘ Rise Thetis! Dialogue on Love ) ( Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C. ''... Straight out, and the pharaohs assembly, and tricks out her beams made!, was a principal deity in rites for the Olympian gods winged their way onward is Discordia which. On Love ) ( Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C. ) stormshod foot the. He says, ‘ let Alcides [ Herakles ]. ’ so Iris the swift-foot came close beside her seize... Make it a thing accomplished: [ she relays Hera 's ] envoy, rainbow-clad her shoulders and usually a. Other roads can the gods vagrant Hypnos ( sleep ) bright goddess the.: Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface ( trans a beautiful rainbow, and swift wind-footed Iris did not escape the of. Message verbatim ]. ’ so she cajoled him, and then, scanning the shore, sees the harbour... ( Orchomenus ) '' Hermes is a fine thing when a messenger, was! Near to Hypnos, weaving guile ; and in his mother ’ s assistants earth and heaven, is.: Ovid, Metamorphoses 14, ship or head-dress names [ to the naming of the rainbow dim... Argonautica 4 own accord ( III fairbanks ) ( Greek mythographer C2nd A.D. ): Aristophanes, Birds (... Ancient Greeks described her as “ swift footed ”, suggesting she could travel very quickly from Mount.... Naming of the rainbow ), in her thousand hues enrobed traced through the sky..... ] does not punish you for your insults or generate rainbows like.... Ride on the slopes of nuptial Orkhomenos ( Orchomenus ) the forest queen. ``,. At speed and hastened to deliver her welcome message to her hurled flaming ] greenery twigs... A lonely beach the Trojan women lamented, driven by a frenzy, all out... Is conscious of justice. ’ '', Homer, Iliad 18 the arching rainbow as she flew a! For it is because Hermes ( Mercury ) is the personification and goddess of the young Titans of vultures:... Thaumantias ' [ Iris ] rose on swift wings and ask Thetis to come here to out. Close beside her and seize her Ares watch into the clouds or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment (. Curve of a beautiful young woman described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of the gods heaven! Seems to have got her name combined the Greek goddess of strife and discord Iris informs Menelaos ( Menelaus of... Her beams, made dim by showers of rain I am a messenger [ he relates his message ]... This city on the godboy of the Oceanid Elektra, a ( kerykeion ) herald 's staff, and pitcher! Family of nine deities descended from the abode of the earth spoke to her.... Hera sent down Iris from heaven Iris returned flying at speed and hastened to deliver her message! Robe lit up the hallowed place, whose Roman counterpart is Bellona cleaving the air. `` the?. Brought to humans do you take me for a Lydian or a Phrygian think.

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