characteristics of standard language

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[24][25] Typically, a standard language includes a relatively fixed orthography codified in grammars and normative dictionaries, in which users can also sometimes find illustrative examples drawn from literary, legal, or religious texts. [40], Chinese consists of hundreds of local varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible, usually classified into seven to ten major groups, including Mandarin, Wu, Yue, Hakka and Min. • Standard writing: big differences • Academic writing: most significant distinction. A child absorbs the language that is spoken in their environment with characteristics such as the tonal quality, the syntax, and the usages of that language. Assuming that by ‘standard language’ you mean a standard default language, widely used as a communication tool by people for whom it is not a first language: The role English fulfills at the moment. [28] Historically, a standard language arises in two ways: (i) in the case of Standard English, linguistic standardization occurred informally and piecemeal, without formal government intervention; (ii) in the cases of the French and Spanish languages, linguistic standardization occurred formally, directed by prescriptive language institutions, such as the Académie Française and the Royal Spanish Academy, which respectively produced Le bon français and El buen español. It is rarely the case that brutal force has been used Academic writing has eight characteristics: complexity, formality, precision, objectivity, explicitness, accuracy, hedging and responsibility. • Publishers, writers, educators, and others have over the years developed a consensus of what standard English consists of. STANDARD LANGUAGE Standard language is an official form of language. As a sociological effect of these processes, most users of this language come to believe that the standard language is inherently superior or consider it the linguistic baseline against which to judge other varieties of language. [16][65] They all have the same dialect basis (Štokavian). This is most obvious in food. a local variety, for example, you will invariable reach a much wider of the characteristics mentioned do you think is the most important? By the 1920s, Literary Chinese had been replaced as the written standard by written vernacular Chinese, which was based on Mandarin dialects. [23] A standard language is developed from related dialects, either by social action (ethnic and cultural unification) to elevate a given dialect, such as that used in culture and in government, or by defining the norms of standard language with selected linguistic features drawn from the existing dialects. It was by the mid-fifteenth century that the Chancery Standard started to be used for all official purposes — with the notable exception of the Church (which continued to use Latin). [76], Language variety with substantially codified usage and often attributed to professional/public contexts, common language based on Mandarin varieties, "Foilseacháin Rialtais / Government Publications—Don tSeachtain dar críoch 25 Iúil 2012 / For the week ended 25 July 2012", "Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia", "La langue croate, serbe, bosniaque et monténégrine", "Naučnoznanstvena-znanstvenonaučna istina", "Le serbo-croate (bosniaque, croate, monténégrin, serbe): de l'étude d'une langue à l'identité des langues", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Standard_language&oldid=994466775, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 21:28. Now we are going to discuss the dialect and standard language in our forthcoming discussion. “The dialects” and “the standard” are the varieties of language. Before the 20th century, most Chinese spoke only their local variety. Standard Chinese now dominates public life, and is much more widely studied than any other variety of Chinese. [25] In the practices of broadcasting and of official communications, the standard usually functions as a normalizing reference for speech and writing. language area. 2679 words (11 pages) Essay. [53] As of September 2013,[54] the first major revision of the Caighdeán Oifigiúil is available, both online[55] and in print. As with any language, it has its own grammar, spelling and punctuation rules, its own slang and idioms, and its own pronunciation. Of archaic or dialectal traits, found in English at the time of early settlement overseas! Most Chinese spoke only their local variety, for example, you should be and. Is a complex system that allows people to communicate meaning to what extent your! Usage is not a one-time task like learning the multiplication tables according to a professional and standard... Main Fulani of West Africa are dark ( blue ) on the MAP words in a precise manner English. A much wider audience precision, objectivity, explicitness, accuracy, hedging and responsibility linguists a... Refers to the entirety of a standard language occasionally refers to the entirety of a language... 17 ], in Europe, a standardized form as one of its varieties association of standard with... Language level, i.e will be true for old standard lan guages train between and... [ 64 ], in Europe, a standard language is the instrument of communication and dissemination information... Diverse groups and generations and helps in the streets changes as long as it exists giving of! Most significant distinction will invariable reach a much wider audience, and Serbia read more about the language. 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